This Czechoslovakian model Cz.27 was manufactured by Ceska Zbrojovka or Czech Armory. It is a semi-automatic pistol has been chambered for the 7.65 Browning(.32 ACP) cartridge. The pistol has been designed to operate as a single action firearm that utilizes an external hammer and is of the blow back design. The sights includes a blade front sight and a V notch rear sight that is drift adjustable for windage only. The Cz.27 is fed by a single column 8 round detachable box magazine. The manual thumb safety is located in front of the left grip. The safety is engaged when the lever is in the downward position and can only be released by a push button located directly below the safety lever. The pistol has a 3.82 inch barrel with 6 grooves using a right hand twist. The sidearm has an overall length of 6 1/2 inches and an unloaded weight of 25 ounces. On the pistol's butt there is a European style heel magazine release. The checkered one piece Bakelite grip is dark brown in color and sports the company logo at the top on each side. This firearm does employ a slide hold open mechanism to inform the operator that the last round has been fired.
The pistol on this web page is more correctly known as the Pistole Modell 27(t). A name given to it when Germany occupied Czechoslovakia in 1939. The (t) in the title indicates tschechoslowakische or Czechoslovakia. In the Czech republic it is called Vz.27 which is an abbreviation of vzor 27 or Model 27. I refer to is as the Cz.27 so as to stick with the name that has been adopted erroneously by most U.S. firearm collectors and distributors and to stick with the naming scheme that was used by the Ceska Zbrojovka for post WW2 commercial arms. The letters "CZ" is an abbreviation of "Česká Zbrojovka" meaning Czech Armory. While there are some exceptions to this rule, normally only weapons adopted by the Czech Republic military will have "vz." in the name.
This Cz.27 has a non-original nickle finish. German officers from WWII were often presented with a decorative finished side arm and some times they did it on their own behalf. Is that how this pistol got its finish? I have no way of knowing. American G.I.'s would at times have a nickle or chrome finish applied to weapons they brought back from the war as well. As a matter of fact, in post WWII Germany there was a cottage industry set up for doing this very thing. Another possibility is that this pistol was imported into the U.S. a few decades ago and the former owner wanted a shiny sidearm. I guess what i am saying is that if you are ever in the market for such a piece, always buy the item and not the story. There is no way of telling when this finish was applied to the pistol. As far as I know, it could have been done in the 1960's, was a treasured WWII bring back pistol, once belonged to a high ranking German officer or any of a number of other reason that can be thought of. Either way, it is not original. The original finish for these pistols was either a high polished blue, military blue or phosphate.
The Czechoslovakian model Cz.27 is the descendant of two earlier CZ pistol designs, the model 22 and the model 24. All three of these pistols look very similar in their exterior appearance. The internal workings of the model 27 are considerably different then the two earlier models though. For example, the model 22 and 24 incorporate a locked breech relying on the rotation of the barrel through about 20 degrees to unlock it from the slide, while the model 27 is a simple blow back design. Both the model 24 and 27 employs a magazine safety device which means that the pistol will not fire unless the magazine is inserted. An easy way to tell the Cz.27 apart from the Cz.22 and Cz.24 is to look at the finger grip slide serrations. On the Cz.27 they are vertical while on the two other models they are slanted forward.
There was a touch over 450,000 of the Cz.27 pistols that were produced under the German occupation of Czechoslovakia. In 1945 the Czech Ministry of Defense ordered 45,000 of the Cz.27 pistols to be used by the Sbor Narodni Bezpecnosti, or National Security Corps. The Cz.27 has been exported to at least 28 different countries to include such nations as Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Egypt, England, India, Israel, Kenya, Pakistan, Poland, South Africa, Turkey and Venezuela. In 1949, the Cz.27 was phased out and replaced by the Cz.50. By then, the production had reached to over 620,000 pistols that had been produced. There are two rare variations of the Cz.27 to include a .22 long rifle version and a version for the use with a silencer.
The history of Ceska zbrojovka of Uhersky Brod dates back to 1936, when based on a political decision by the National Defense Council, it was established as a branch plant of Ceska zbrojovka located in the town of Strakonice. On January 2, 1937 production of military and civilian arms commenced. The first products were aircraft machine guns, military pistols and small bore rifles. Then during the Nazi occupation period the plant was forced to produce and repair military arms for the German war machine.
Beginning in 1945 the plant returned to the production of military and civilian arms. In 1950 the Company became a separate state enterprise called "Presne strojirenstvi Uhersky Brod" or The Precision Machine Tooling Company located at Uhersky Brod, and was subsequently reorganized into a number of specialized directorates. In the 1970s and 1980s the Company merged with Agrozet Brno, where it engaged in its traditional production of arms while also taking over the production of parts for tractors and aircraft engines. In the mid 1980's, a restructuring process began, with an emphasis on the production of arms. Then on July 1, 1988 the Company split from Agrozet Brno and became known once again as Česká zbrojovka, s.p.
In 1990 production for the Czechoslovakian armed units ceased and the newly available manufacturing capacity was put to use in manufacturing arms for hunting and sporting purposes, as well as exports for police and military units. In the early 1990's, production of tractor parts was discontinued, and the production of aircraft parts was curtailed, this opened up space for the production of more recreational arms.
On 1 May 1992, the National Property Fund of the Czech Republic established the joint stock company Ceska zbrojovka a.s., Uhersky Brod in accordance with a privatization project. The Company has been granted the requisite authorization by the Office for Civil Aviation to manufacture and repair aircraft engine parts. The Company’s automotive industry manufacturing operation has received certification per CSN EN ISO 16949 standards. Today the company is located in Kansas and can be reached at CZ-USA, P.O. Box 171073, Kansas City, KS 66117-0073.